At the current speed, parties may take at least 10 years to implement R-ARCSS

Opinion By SPLM-IO senior member Nathaniel Pierino


Nearly Eight (8 ) months of the Transitional Period and after over Two (2) years of a signed Agreement the parties have nothing yet tangible to show. The Pre-Transitional Period of Eight (08) months on the matrix became elastic.

It took Seventeen (17) Months moreover without completing the tasks meant for that period. Today after nearly one year of Transitional Period, the task that were meant for Pre-Transitional period have not been completed, especially;

1. Completing the Unification of forces of the military, and other organized forces;
2. Incorporating the agreement into the constitution and ratifying it into the law;
3. The passing into law of the amendments of security related laws and political parties Act;
4. Completing task necessary for the formation of RTGNU, including Submissions of nominees for Legislature, etc. and finally;
5. Establishment of RTGNU at all levels;

Mathematically, if the will for the agreement shall be there, and at the current phase of implementation, the parties may need to secure at least Ten (10) years more of Transitional period to implement the agreement.

The parties are turning the R-ARCSS,(2018) into a “Gentlemen Agreement”. The parties are yet to meet provisions that are not easy go, especially those that are politically more sensitive than those that the parties are currently grappling with. The Security Sector and economic reforms, the Census; the implementation of federalism, the Permanent Constitution and its processes, the mother of all stalemate; the transitional justice mechanism especially the Hybrid Court, and the National Elections; Just to mention but few.

The complacency of IGAD, the body that is supposed to guarantee the agreement, has reached it’s climax. The member states of IGAD have turn blind eyes on the plight of South Sudanese people and are busy with their internal matters. Including elections and Covid19 pandemic. IGAD could have assumed responsibility that it could not be able to discharge. The international partners including the troika, having exhausted their leverage shall at the end resort to and plead with the parties to guarantee the agreement especially the permanent ceasefire.

The parties have been granted free hands and are at liberty, in essence, the parties are the actual guarantors of the agreement, they can choose to implement the agreement or not to do so. Which is why the R-ARCSS (2018) may altogether be turned by the parties into a “Gentlemen Agreements”

With this backdrop, and failing to arrest the complacency, reality shall dictate that the agreement shall require an elastic timetable and a Transitional Period longer than that previously envisaged. Given the proposed Six (6) months extension of the matrix is already behind schedule before it was announced at the last JMEC plenary.

NATHANIEL PIERINO (NCAC MEMBER)
SPLMA (IO)
13/10/2020

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